Terrorism has become a concern for the world. Countries across the globe are combating terrorism of some form or the other. However, the question which pops up in our minds while discussing terrorism is, “what is terrorism?” Different countries have different definitions of terrorism. Hence when it comes to combating it, there are times when countries are unable to cooperate with each other simply because their notion of terrorism something completely different.
“Terrorism has no nationality or religion.” – Vladimir Putin
To understand this conflict let us take an example from history.
Bhagat Singh was an Indian nationalist who fought for the independence of India. He carried out various violent attacks against the British administration in India which included the bombing of the central assembly. For the Indian people Bhagat Singh is a ‘freedom fighter.’ Whereas the British Government had labelled him as a terrorist.
Let us take a contemporary example for this problem.
The Syrian civil war. All of us know about the ongoing conflict between the Syrian government and the rebel forces. Let us analyse the conflict between the two forces. According to the rebels, they are fighting against the oppressive and tyrannous Syrian government. They are trying to install democracy in the country. However, the Government perceives the rebel forces as terrorists.
This war has resulted in the displacement of thousands of people and loss of thousands of lives. It has become imperative for the international community to intervene in this conflict. But whom do they support? If they support the rebel forces, then it would be considered an infringement on the sovereignty of Syria. Sovereignty is something every single nation holds sacred. Furthermore, if the international community decides to support the Government. Then it is possible that they may be assisting an undemocratic leader to remain in power.
Another relevant example is that of Kashmir.
The Indian Government considers Jammu & Kashmir, whole and united an integral part of the India union. Therefore, the separatist movement for ‘Azad Kashmir’ is considered to be a terrorist organization. On the other hand, the Pakistani government which also considers Jammu & Kashmir to be part of its territory does not consider this separatist movement as a terrorist organization. (To read more about J&K issue, click here.) This disparity in the definition of terrorism has resulted in the Kashmir issue to be drawn out for more than seven decades.
It is this dissension which the United Nations Security Council is going to attempt to resolve in SYNCHRONISMUN 2019. The UNSC will be discussing the United Nations Convention on Terrorism.
How should you research? Keep the following hierarchy in mind:
- Tier 1: Government, International Organizations (UN, IMF, World Bank, Interpol etc.)
- Tier 2: Recognized non-governmental institutions such as Amnesty International, Human Rights watch etc.
- Tier 3: Media houses like British Broadcasting Corporation (BBC), National Geographic, Reuters, Al Jazeera (Not for Middle-eastern issues) etc.
- Tier 4: Other sources. Media houses like Republic TV, Times Now etc. fall in this category.
- Tier 5: Wikipedia
Delegates of the committee are expected to keep a few things in mind while preparing for this complex agenda.
- Understand your country’s view on terrorism. What is your country’s definition of terrorism?
- How does your country’s perspective on terrorism affect its foreign policy?
- What has resulted in the development of such a definition of terrorism in your country?
- What is your country doing to combat terrorism?
- How rigid is this stance on terrorism?
The objective of the resolution would be to adopt a definition of terrorism which could be applied all over the world. Please keep in mind the aforementioned points while representing your country during the proceedings of the committee.
Researching for this committee will also be a challenging task. Hence, I am mentioning certain sources which can be used for research.
- National Security Agency website of your respective country.
- International organizations like NATO or Interpol
- Past reports on counter-terror operations
- The Home department of your respective country.
Coming to the point of what should the resolution could consist of. Here are a few points to keep in mind for it:
- Definition of terrorism.
- A procedure for identifying terrorists/terror organizations.
- Actions against nations promoting terrorism.
I hope that this article has cleared up any queries regarding the agenda. If you have any queries regarding the agenda. Feel free to comment below or send an email to firstname.lastname@example.org
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